At 14 weeks
Everything’s going well
Wow! You’re already in your second trimester and beginning to bloom! You could be feeling a surge of energy. My special set of blogs will guide you through every stage to come.
I’m sure you’re feeling quite different from the first trimester. Any nausea has probably trailed off by now – but may come back if you get hungry so eat little and often. And that rollercoaster of emotions will have slowed down, too. You’ll start noticing some physical changes.
You now have a proper bump and your waistline has disappeared. A dark line called the linea nigra runs from your navel downwards and all pigmented parts of your skin have darkened especially the areola around your nipples and any moles or freckles.
Your hair is thickening wonderfully because the pregnancy hormones prevent any from falling out. Your hands and feet feel warmer than normal because your heart is pumping extra blood to your body. Also you’re breathing faster than normal to keep your baby well supplied with oxygen.
It’s your baby too. You have every right to be involved in all aspects of the pregnancy and to –
- be open about your feelings
- express your concerns without fear of misinterpretation
- talk candidly to your partner about sex so it doesn’t become an issue
- be party to all arrangements and plans for the birth
- go to antenatal classes
Your baby is taking it easy! Floating in a warm bath of amniotic fluid, she’s already fully formed – right down to fingernails and tooth buds – and now needs to mature. She can even suck her thumb from this early stage. There’s lots of room in there for her to move, even to turn somersaults thanks to a springy umbilical cord, but you still won’t be able to feel it until around week 21.
By the end of the 14th week your baby’s crown-to-rump length (top of head to bum) will be about 9 centimetres and she’ll weigh about 48 grams – that’s quite an increase! Her head has been growing more slowly than her body since about week 11.
Eating for two?
It’s a myth that you can “eat for two” as it implies you should double your food intake! Your appetite will gradually increase but you only need around 300 extra calories a day, which isn’t all that much – a couple of nutritious snacks.
I always say that what you need is unprocessed food as close to its original state as possible:
- fresh fruit and vegetables (frozen is ok too)
- meat and fish from reputable shops
- free range chicken and eggs – but well cooked
- wholegrain rice, pasta and bread and cereals
- dairy products including good hard cheeses, yoghurt and full-fat milk
- around 8 glasses of fluid a day, but none with caffeine or alcohol. Plain water’s best!
- give empty foods a miss – fizzy drinks, cakes, biscuits, sweets, chocolate, junk food
Read the label to help you avoid foods high in fat, sugar, salt, artificial flavourings and colourings (watch for those E numbers) and refined flour.
And what not to eat – some foods risk passing on infections to your unborn baby. Don’t eat foods that contain raw eggs (salmonella), unpasteurised milk, soft cheeses, pate or coleslaw (listeriosis), or undercooked meat, especially pork or steak (toxoplasmosis).
For once in your life snacking is OK! Keep healthy low-fat snacks (such as dried fruit, unsweetened fruit juice, carrot sticks, hummus, wholemeal crackers) in your desk drawer, the office fridge or your handbag.
Bye for now!
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Copyright Miriam Stoppard 2012